[Android in-app billing第5篇]Administering In-app Billing應用程式內金流機制的管理(中文翻譯)...

學習如何設定你的產品列表、註冊測試帳戶和處理退款的問題。

原文連結︰ADMINISTERING IN-APP BILLING 
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In this document

In-app billing frees you from processing financial transactions, but you still need to perform a few administrative tasks, including setting up and maintaining your product list on the publisher site, registering test accounts, and handling refunds when necessary.
You must have an Android Market publisher account to register test accounts. And you must have a Google Checkout merchant account to create a product list and issue refunds to your users. If you already have a publisher account on Android Market, you can use your existing account. You do not need to register for a new account to support in-app billing. If you do not have a publisher account, you can register as an Android Market developer and set up a publisher account at the Android Market publisher site. If you do not have a Google Checkout merchant account, you can register for one at the Google Checkout site.
雖然説應用程式內金流機制(以下簡稱iap機制)讓你金融交易的流程更佳的彈性了,但是您仍有一些管理的工作要做,包含設定和管理您在發佈網站商的商品、註冊測試帳戶以及當流程需要時,能夠處理退費事件發生該有的對應。您必須在Android發佈網站註冊一組測試帳戶,而且您必須擁有Google Checkout merchant帳戶來建立產品列表以及處理來至於您APP的使用用戶所請求的退費相關問題。如果您已經擁有Android市集的發佈帳號了,使用既有的帳號即可,就不需要再去申請一組為了要支援iap機制而申請的新帳號。如果您沒有發佈帳號,那就去申請一組吧。如果您沒有Google Checkout merchant帳號,您也可以註冊一組Google Checkout網站的帳號。

CREATING A PRODUCT LIST建立產品列表

The Android Market publisher site provides a product list for each of your published applications. You can sell an item using Android Market's in-app billing feature only if the item is listed on an application's product list. Each application has its own product list; you cannot sell items that are listed in another application's product list.
You can access an application's product list by clicking the In-App Products link that appears under each of the applications that are listed for your publisher account (see figure 1). The In-App Products link appears only if you have a Google Checkout merchant account and an application's manifest includes the com.android.vending.BILLING permission.
Android市集發佈網站提供您每一個發佈的APP的產品列表,您要銷售的應用程式內商品僅能來至於這張列表上的商品。每一個應用程都擁有自已的列表清單,您無法銷售別隻APP裡的產品列表商品至另一隻APP裡。
存取應用程式產品列表的方式,就是點擊每一個軟體下方的 In-App Products連結(見圖1)。 In-App Products連結會在如果您擁有Google Checkout merchant帳戶,並且APP裡的Androidmanifest.xml檔有宣告com.android.vending.BILLING權限時,才會出現。

Figure 1. You can access an application's product list by clicking the  In-App Productslink.
圖1. 您可以透過點擊 In-App Products連結的方式來存取應用程式產品列表。
A product list contains information about the items you are selling, such as a product id, product description, and price (see figure 2). The product list stores only metadata about the items you are selling in your application. It does not store any digital content. You are responsible for storing and delivering the digital content that you sell in your applications.
產品列表列出了您目前販賣的商品資訊,像是產品的id、產品描述或價格(見圖2)。產品列表僅會儲存關於您在您APP裡賣的商品的詮釋資料(metadata)。並不會儲任何的數位化內容。儲存和傳遞您售於APP內的數位內容是您的責任。

Figure 2. An application's product list.
圖2. 這是一隻APP裡的產品列表 

You can create a product list for any published application or any draft application that's been uploaded and saved to the Android Market site. However, you must have a Google Checkout merchant account and the application's manifest must include thecom.android.vending.BILLING permission. If an application's manifest does not include this permission, you will be able to edit existing items in the product list but you will not be able to add new items to the list. For more information about this permission, see Updating Your Application's Manifest.
您可以替任何已發佈出去或上傳並儲存至Android市集網站的草稿型APP建立個別的產品列表。然而,您必須擁有Google Checkout merchant帳戶,APP裡的Androidmanifest.xml檔也必須包含com.android.vending.BILLING的權限宣告。如果沒有做此宣告,您還是可以編輯之前已存在過的產品列表,但您也因而無法再新增商品了。更多關於權限的資訊,請參見 Updating Your Application's Manifest

In addition, an application package can have only one product list. If you create a product list for an application, and you use the multiple APK feature to distribute more than one APK for that application, the product list applies to all APK versions that are associated with the application listing. You cannot create individual product lists for each APK if you are using the multiple APK feature.
附帶一提,一個APP套件僅能擁有一個產品列表。如果您替一個APP建立了產品列表,然後您使用 一款應用程式多種版本功能的方式來發佈1隻APP,產品列表接受的是來自各種版本的所有連結。您無法替各個版本的APK建立特定的產品列表。

You can add items to a product list two ways: you can add items one at a time by using the In-app Products UI (see figure 3), or you can add a batch of items by importing the items from a comma-separated values (CSV) file (see figure 2). Adding items one at a time is useful if your application has only a few in-app items or you are adding only a few items to a product list for testing purposes. The CSV file method is useful if your application has a large number of in-app items.
您可以使用2種方式來新增商品至產品列表︰使用同時間單一產品上架的iap產品使用介面(見圖3),或者您可以CSV檔匯入(見圖2)。如果您的APP只有幾個應用程式內商品要銷售或拿來做測試,前者的方式是很有用的。CSV檔的方式則是在如果有大量的應用程式內商品要銷售時有用。

Adding items one at a time to a product list同時間新增一件商品至產品列表

To add an item to a product list using the In-app Products UI, follow these steps:
如果要使用應用程式商品使用介面來新增商品列表,請跟著底下的步驟︰
  1. Log in to your publisher account. 登入您的發佈帳戶
  2. In the All Android Market listings panel, under the application name, click In-app Products. 在All Android Market listings區塊裡,APP名稱底下,點擊In-app Products.
  3. On the In-app Products List page, click Add in-app product. 在In-app Products列表頁面底下,點擊Add in-app product.
  4. On the Create New In-app Product page (see figure 3), provide details about the item you are selling and then click Save or Publish. 在建立新的應用程式商品頁面裡(見圖3),提供了您正在售的商品的商品資訊以及儲存/發佈按鈕。

Figure 3. The Create New In-app Product page lets you add items to an application's product list. 
圖3. 這是讓您可以新增應用程式產品列表的頁面
You must enter the following information for each item in a product list:
產品列表裡的每件商品,您都必須輸入下列的資訊︰ 
    • In-app Product ID Product IDs are unique across an application's namespace. A product ID must start with a lowercase letter or a number, and must be composed using only lowercase letters (a-z), numbers (0-9), underlines (_), and dots (.). The product ID "android.test" is reserved, as are all product IDs that start with "android.test." In addition, you cannot modify an item's product ID after it is created, and you cannot reuse a product ID.
In-app Product ID
    •  產品IDs是以唯一性的方式跨越應用程式命名空間。產品ID必須啟始字元必須為小寫或數字,而且組成的字串也都只能有小寫(a-z)、數字(0-9)、下底線(_)和小數點(.)。以"android.test"開頭的產品ID命名被保留,任何以android.test開頭的命名方式皆不可用。附帶一提,當您在建立產品ID後,是無法修改的,而且您也無法重覆使用同一組產品ID。

    • Purchase Type The purchase type can be Managed per user account orUnmanaged. You can never change an item's purchase type after you set it. For more information, see Choosing a purchase type later in this document.
Purchase Type 
    • 購買的商品型態被區分成「受管理(依帳號)」和「不受管理」兩類。當您設定完商品種類後,就無法改變了。更多資訊,請參閱接下來
Choosing a purchase type
    • 這個章節。
    • Publishing State An item's publishing state can be Published or Unpublished . To be visible to a user during checkout, an item's publishing state must be set toPublished and the item's application must be published on Android Market.
      Note: This is not true for test accounts. An item is visible to a test account if the application is not published and the item is published. See Testing In-app Billingfor more information.
      Publishing State 商品發佈狀態區分為已發佈或未發佈2種型態。如果要讓商品在付費期間能夠被看見,商品狀態就應該設為已發佈,而且擁有該商品的APP也應該是以「已發佈」的狀態存放在Android市集上。
      註︰如果是測試帳戶就不在此限。因為當您在測試時,測試帳戶允許你以不發佈APP、而內部商品為已發佈的狀態來進行。可以查看 Testing In-app Billing得到更多資訊。
    • Language The language setting determines which languages are used to display the item title and item description during checkout. A product list inherits its default language from the parent application. You can add more languages by clicking add language. You can also choose to have the title and description automatically translated from the default language by selecting the Fill fields with auto translation checkbox (see figure 4). If you do not use the auto translation feature, you must provide the translated versions of the title and description.
語系
    •  語系的設定決定了在付費期間,哪種語言會顯示哪種的商品標題或商品描述。產品列表的語系呈現方式是從您APP的語系設定傳過來的。您可以透過點擊
新增語系
    • 來新增更多的應用商品產品的語言。您也可以透過點擊
自動翻譯並填入
    • 的選項來讓語系自動判別並呈現(見圖4)。如果您沒有使用自動翻譯這個功能,您就必須提供商品標題和商品描述的翻譯版本進來。

    • Title The title is a short descriptor for the item. For example, "Sleeping potion." Titles must be unique across an application's namespace. Every item must have a title. The title is visible to users during checkout. For optimum appearance, titles should be no longer than 25 characters; however, titles can be up to 55 characters in length.
標題
    •  標題是商品的短描述。舉例︰「睡眠藥劑」。標題在您APP的命名裡必須是唯一性質、不可重覆的。每個商品都需要有標題,這個標題在使用者付費的期間是會被看到的。為了更清楚的表達商品,標題最好不要超過25個字元。然而;標題的上限會在55個字元內。
    • Description The description is a long descriptor for the item. For example, "Instantly puts creatures to sleep. Does not work on angry elves." Every item must have a description. The description is visible to users during checkout. Descriptions can be up to 80 characters in length.  
描述
    •  描述是用來介紹商品的長字串。舉例︰「此物品會馬上讓動物睡著,但無法讓愛生氣的小精靈起作用。」。每個商品都必須有個描述,這個描述在使用者付費期間,也是會被看到的。最長是80個字元。
    • Price You must provide a default price in your home currency. You can also provide prices in other currencies, but you can do this only if a currency's corresponding country is listed as a target country for your application. You can specify target countries on the Edit Application page in the Android Market developer console.
      To specify prices in other currencies, you can manually enter the price for each currency or you can click Auto Fill and let Android Market do a one-time conversion from your home currency to the currencies you are targeting (see figure 4).
價格
  •  您必須用您所在地區的匯率來提供商品價格。您也可以以其它的匯率來計算您的商品價格,但這麼做只會發生在如果那個國家是您APP的主要市場。您可以在Android市集的開發人員控制臺的編輯APP頁面裡去指定販售的目標國家。 如果要指定成其它匯率,您可以依手動的方式輸入每個國家匯率而訂的價格或者也可以使用點擊自動填入的方式,讓Android市集從您的國家匯率自動轉至它國的匯率(見圖4)。

Figure 4. Specifying additional currencies and additional languages for the item title and description. 
圖4. 替每件商品的標題和描述指定其它的匯率和其它的語系 。

For more information about product IDs and product lists, see Creating In-App Product IDs. For more information about pricing, see In-App Billing Pricing.
Note: Be sure to plan your product ID namespace. You cannot reuse or modify product IDs after you save them.
更多關於產品IDs和產品列表的資訊,請參閱 Creating In-App Product IDs。如果想知道價格的資訊,則參閱  In-App Billing Pricing這篇。
註︰請有計劃的規劃您的產品ID命名。因為一旦商品被儲存,產品ID就無法被更改了。 

Adding a batch of items to a product list增加批量商品至產品列表

To add a batch of items to a product list using a CSV file, you first need to create your CSV file. The data values that you specify in the CSV file represent the same data values you specify manually through the In-app Products UI (see Adding items one at a time to a product list). The CSV file uses commas (,) and semi-colons (;) to separate data values. Commas are used to separate primary data values, and semi-colons are used to separate subvalues. For example, the syntax for the CSV file is as follows:
使用CSV檔來新增批量商品,首先您必須建立您的CSV檔。CSV裡的資料呈現方式就如同您在產品使用介面以手動的方式新增商品一樣。 (見  Adding items one at a time to a product list)。CSV檔使用逗號(,)和分號(;)來分隔資料。逗號用來分隔主要資料的值,而分號用來分隔次資料。舉例,一個CSV檔裡的語法應該像下面這樣子︰
"product_id","publish_state","purchase_type","autotranslate ","localetitle;description","autofill","countryprice

Descriptions and usage details are provided below.
底下是描述和使用方式︰ 
    • product_id This is equivalent to the In-app Product ID setting in the In-app Products UI. If you specify a product_id that already exists in a product list, and you choose to overwrite the product list while importing the CSV file, the data for the existing item is overwritten with the values specified in the CSV file. The overwrite feature does not delete items that are on a product list but not present in the CSV file. product_id 這個值如同iap商品使用介面裡的Product ID設定值。如果產品列表裡已經有這筆product_id,而且當您在匯入CSV檔時想覆寫商品使用介面裡的Product_ID的話,這個值就會被您CSV裡所指定的新資料取代。覆寫的狀況不會發生在CSV檔裡沒有重覆的product_id的情形下。

    • publish_state This is equivalent to the Publishing State setting in the In-app Products UI. Can be published or unpublished. publish_state 這個值等同於iap產品使用介面裡的發佈狀態設定,一樣可以設成已發佈或未發佈的狀態。

    • purchase_type This is equivalent to the Purchase Type setting in the In-app Products UI. Can be managed_by_android, which is equivalent to Managed per user account in the In-app Products UI, or managed_by_publisher, which is equivalent toUnmanaged in the In-app Products UI. purchase_type 這個值等同於iap產品使用介面裡的購買狀態設定值。會依使用帳戶做管理的值是
managed_by_android,不受管理的值是 managed_by_publisher。
    • autotranslate This is equivalent to selecting the Fill fields with auto translationcheckbox in the In-app Products UI. Can be true or false. autotranslate 這個值等同於在iap商品使用介面裡選擇了
自動翻譯並填入
    • 選項的功能,可以是true,也可以是false。

    • locale This is equivalent to the Language setting in the In-app Products UI. You must have an entry for the default locale. The default locale must be the first entry in the list of locales, and it must include a title and description. If you want to provide translated versions of the title and description in addition to the default, you must use the following syntax rules: 地區 這個值如同iap產品使用介面的語系設定。您必須設一個預設的地區,而且預設的地區也要設在第1位,且包含標題和描述。如果您想要將自動翻譯設為預設值,您就必須使用底下的語法規則︰

    • If 
autotranslate is true, you must specify the default locale, default title, default description, and other locales using the following format:
    • 如果自動翻譯設成true,您必須指定預設的地區、預設的標題、預設的描述以及其它地區的使用格式︰

"true,"default_localedefault_locale_titledefault_locale_description;locale_2locale_3, ..."
    •  

    • If 
autotranslate is false, you must specify the default locale, default title, and default description as well as the translated titles and descriptions using the following format:
    • 如果自動翻譯設成false,您必須指定預設的地區、預設的標題和預設的描述,以及翻譯過後的標題、描述,並使用底下格式︰ 

"false,"default_localedefault_locale_titledefault_locale_description;locale_2locale_2_titlelocal_2_descriptionlocale_3locale_3_title;locale_3_description; ..."
    •  

    • See table 1 for a list of the language codes you can use with the 
locale
    •  field. 請見表1列出的您可以使用的語系代碼和語系值
    • title This is equivalent to the Title setting in the In-app Products UI. If the titlecontains a semicolon, it must be escaped with a backslash (for example, "\;"). A backslash should also be escaped with a backslash (for example, "\\">. 標題 這個值等同語iap產品使用介面裡的標題設定。如果標題包含分號,就必須加上反斜線加以區隔(如"\;")。如果標題含反斜線,也一樣要加上反斜線(如︰"\\")。

    • description This is equivalent to the Description in the In-app Products UI. If thedescription contains a semicolon, it must be escaped with a backslash (for example, "\;"). A backslash should also be escaped with a backslash (for example, "\\">. 描述 這個值等同語iap產品使用介面的描述值。如果描述值包含分號,就必須加以反斜線加以區隔(如︰"\;")。如果含的是反斜線,就再加上反斜線來區隔。(如︰"\\")。

    • autofill This is equivalent to clicking Auto Fill in the In-app Products UI. Can be trueor false. The syntax for specifying the country and price varies depending on whichautofill setting you use. autofill 這個值等同於iap產品使用介面裡點擊自動填入。可以設為true或false。若要指定出不同的國家或價格完全取決於您的是否設定autofill。

    • If 
autofill is set to true, you need to specify only the default price in your home currency and you must use this syntax:
    • 如果autofill設為true,您僅需指定一組依您國家匯率設定出來的價格,並使用以下語法︰

"true","default_price_in_home_currency
    • If 
autofill is set to false, you need to specify a country and a price for each currency and you must use the following syntax:
    • 如果autofill被設為false,您就需要替每個國家依不同的匯率來決定價格,並使用底下語法︰

"false", " home_countrydefault_price_in_home_currencycountry_2 ; country_2_pricecountry_3country_3_price ; ..."
    •  

    • country The country for which you are specifying a price. You can only list countries that your application is targeting. The country codes are two-letter uppercase ISO country codes (such as "US") as defined by ISO 3166-2. 國家 您指定價格的國家為何。您可以只設定想要販售的目標國家。國家代碼是大寫的2個字元(ISO國碼,像是"US"),這個國碼是被 
ISO 3166-2
    • 定義和規範的格式。

    • price This is equivalent to the Price in the In-app Products UI. The price must be specified in micro-units. To convert a currency value to micro-units, you multiply the real value by 1,000,000. For example, if you want to sell an in-app item for $1.99 you specify 1990000 in the price field. 價格 這個值等同於iap產品使用介面裡的價格。必須指定為微量單位(micro-units)。若需要將當下匯率轉換成微量單位,請乘上1,000,000。假如您想要賣的商品價格為美金$1.99,那這個值就是1990000。

Table 1. Language codes you can use with the locale field.
表1. 地區欄位裡您可以使用的語系代碼
LanguageCodeLanguageCode
Chinesezh_TWItalianit_IT
Czechcs_CZJapaneseja_JP
Danishda_DKKoreanko_KR
Dutchnl_NLNorwegianno_NO
Englishen_USPolishpl_PL
Frenchfr_FRPortuguesept_PT
Finnishfi_FIRussianru_RU
Germande_DESpanishes_ES
Hebrewiw_ILSwedishsv_SE
Hindihi_IN----

To import the items that are specified in your CSV file, do the following:
如果想要匯入您指定的CSV檔,請照以下方式︰ 
    1. Log in to your publisher account.
登入
    1. 您的發佈帳戶
    2. In the All Android Market listings panel, under the application name, click In-app Products. 在
所有Adroid市集列表
    1. 區塊中,應用程式名稱的底下,點擊
應用程式內商品
    1. On the In-app Products List page, click Choose File and select your CSV file. The CSV file must be on your local computer or on a local disk that is connected to your computer. 在iap產品列表頁裡,點擊
選擇檔案
    1. ,然後選擇您的CSV檔。CSV檔必須存放在您本地端的電腦裡或者連結至您電腦的本地端硬碟中。
    2. Select the Overwrite checkbox if you want to overwrite existing items in your product list. This option overwrites values of existing items only if the value of the product_id in the CSV file matches the In-app Product ID for an existing item in the product list. Overwriting does not delete items that are on a product list but not present in the CSV file. 如果您想要覆寫已存在在您產品列表中的商品,請選擇
覆寫
    1. 選項。這個覆寫時機是在當iap產品列表裡的某些產品ID和CSV檔裡的product_id相同時。所謂的覆寫不會刪除存在在產品列而沒有存在在CSV檔裡的商品。

    1. On the In-app Products List page, click Import from CSV. 在iap產品列表頁面,點撃
從CSV匯入
You can also export an existing product list to a CSV file by clicking Export to CSV on the In-app Product List page. This is useful if you have manually added items to a product list and you want to start managing the product list through a CSV file.
您也可以使用iap產品列表頁的 匯出至CSV功能將既有的產品列表匯出成CSV檔。如果您已經手動新增商品至產品列表,然後您想要開始透過CSV檔管理您的產品項目時,這個方法會很有用。

Choosing a Purchase Type選擇商品的購買型態

An item's purchase type controls how Android Market manages the purchase of the item. There are two purchase types: "managed per user account" and "unmanaged."
Items that are managed per user account can be purchased only once per user account. When an item is managed per user account, Android Market permanently stores the transaction information for each item on a per-user basis. This enables you to query Android Market with the RESTORE_TRANSACTIONS request and restore the state of the items a specific user has purchased.
商品的購買型態控制了Android市集要以何種方式來管理該商品的購買行為。這裡有2種購買型態,分別為︰「受管理(依用帳戶)」和「不受管理」。經使用帳戶管理的商品僅能被每位使用者購買一次。當商品在這種狀態下, Android市集會以每個使用者當基礎來替每件商品儲存交易資訊,而且會被永久儲存。這種商品型態讓您可以透過發出RESTORE_TRANSACTIONS請求來跟Android市集查詢,並且能針對特定使用者(再次安裝APP時)還原該商品為已購買的狀態。
If a user attempts to purchase a managed item that has already been purchased, Android Market displays an "Item already purchased" error. This occurs during checkout, when Android Market displays the price and description information on the checkout page. When the user dismisses the error message, the checkout page disappears and the user returns to your user interface. As a best practice, your application should prevent the user from seeing this error. The sample application demonstrates how you can do this by keeping track of items that are managed and already purchased and not allowing users to select those items from the list. Your application should do something similar—either graying out the item or hiding it so that it cannot be selected.
如果使用者試圖購買一件被管理的商品,但是該商品他早就買過了,Android市集就會顯示出""商品已經買過了"的錯誤訊息。這個訊息會在當Android市集要在付費頁面顯示價格和商品描述資訊的付費流程中發生。當使用者沒看到這個錯誤訊息時,付費頁面卻消失了,畫面返回您AP的使用介面,這種狀況下,最好的方式我們認為︰您的APP根本不應該讓使用者看到該錯誤訊息!範例程式有說明您可以如何做到被管理類型的商品做出商品追蹤,並且直接將購買過的商品在APP列表裡隱藏。您現在要實作iap機制的APP也應該如此 - 將那些已經買過的商品反灰或隱藏、甚至是設成無法被點選的狀態吧!
The "manage by user account" purchase type is useful if you are selling items such as game levels or application features. These items are not transient and usually need to be restored whenever a user reinstalls your application, wipes the data on their device, or installs your application on a new device.
如果您現在要販售的是遊戲等級或應用程式的特殊功能,「被使用帳戶管理」的類型商品是很有用的。這些商品不會被傳輸、而且通常需要被還原,無論是使用者再度安裝您的APP、或者使用者清除了他們的裝置資料、甚至是在新的裝置上安裝您的APP時,都很有用。
Items that are unmanaged do not have their transaction information stored on Android Market, which means you cannot query Android Market to retrieve transaction information for items whose purchase type is listed as unmanaged. You are responsible for managing the transaction information of unmanaged items. Also, unmanaged items can be purchased multiple times as far as Android Market is concerned, so it's also up to you to control how many times an unmanaged item can be purchased.
「不被管理的商品」,他們的交易資訊不會被儲存在Android市集裡。這意謂著您無法針對購買商品類型被設為"不被管理"的商品,向Android市集做查詢交易資訊的動作。此時,這些不被管理商品的交易資訊,管理責任就落在您的手上了。而且,不被管理的商品可以被無限次數購買,所以,這種類型的商品倒底能被購買幾次,完全交在您的手裡。
The "unmanaged" purchase type is useful if you are selling consumable items, such as fuel or magic spells. These items are consumed within your application and are usually purchased multiple times.
如果您販賣的是消費型商品,像是燃料或者魔法法術,「不被管理」的商品類型就變得很有用了。這些商品都是在您APP裡的消耗型商品,而且通常會被購買多次。

HANDLING REFUNDS退費的處理

In-app billing does not allow users to send a refund request to Android Market. Refunds for in-app purchases must be directed to you (the application developer). You can then process the refund through your Google Checkout merchant account. When you do this, Android Market receives a refund notification from Google Checkout, and Android Market sends a refund message to your application. For more information, see Handling IN_APP_NOTIFY messagesand In-app Billing Pricing.
iap機制不允許使用者發送退費請求至Android市集的。應用程式內商品的退費完完全全主導於您(APP的開發者)。您可以透過您的Google Checkout merchant帳戶來處理退費流程。當您執行了商品退費,Android市集就會接收到從Google Checkout傳來的退費通知,接著Android市集就會發送商品遭退費的訊息給使用者的APP。更多資訊請見  Handling IN_APP_NOTIFY messagesIn-app Billing Pricing這兩篇。
Important: You cannot use the Google Checkout API to issue refunds or cancel in-app billing transactions. You must do this manually through your Google Checkout merchant account. However, you can use the Google Checkout API to retrieve order information.
重要︰您無法使用Google Checkout 的API來處理退費或取消iap交易。您必須以手動方式透過Google Checkout merchant帳戶來處理這些事。然而,您仍然可以使用Google Checkout API來接收訂單資訊。

SETTING UP TEST ACCOUNTS設定測試帳戶

The Android Market publisher site lets you set up one or more test accounts. A test account is a regular Google account that you register on the publisher site as a test account. Test accounts are authorized to make in-app purchases from applications that you have uploaded to the Android Market site but have not yet published.
Android市集發佈網站讓您可以設定一或多組的測試帳號。所謂的測試帳號就是一個標準的Google帳號,您只是將它註冊至發佈網站成為測試帳戶而已。測試帳戶是被驗証的,因此您才可以透過上傳卻未發佈的APP來做出iap購買請求。
You can use any Google account as a test account. Test accounts are useful if you want to let multiple people test in-app billing on applications without giving them access to your publisher account's sign-in credentials. If you want to own and control the test accounts, you can create the accounts yourself and distribute the credentials to your developers or testers.
您可以使用任何的Google帳戶來當測試帳戶。如果您想要讓多個人測試您APP的iap機制,而您不想要把您發佈網站的登入帳戶給他們來使用時,測試帳戶就變得很有用了。如果您想要自己擁有也控制測試帳戶,您可以自行建立帳戶,並且將這組帳戶設成開發者帳戶或測試者帳戶。

Test accounts have three limitations:
測試帳戶有底下的三種限制︰ 
  • Test account users can make purchase requests only within applications that are already uploaded to your publisher account (although the application doesn't need to be published). 測試帳戶的使用者只能在已上傳至您發佈帳戶的APP做iap購買請求。(即使APP不需要被真正發佈出去)
  • Test accounts can only be used to purchase items that are listed (and published) in an application's product list. 測試帳戶僅能被用來購買那些被列在APP產品列表上(而且也被發佈出去)的商品上。
  • Test account users do not have access to your publisher account and cannot upload applications to your publisher account. 測試帳戶的使用者無法存取您的發佈帳戶,也無法上傳APP至您的發佈帳戶裡。 
  •  
To add test accounts to your publisher account, follow these steps:
新增測試帳戶至您的發佈帳戶裡,請照以下方式︰ 
    1. Log in to your publisher account.
登入
    1. 您的發佈帳戶。
    2. On the upper left part of the page, under your name, click Edit profile. 在頁面上方的左側,您的名字底下,點擊
編輯個人資料
    1. On the Edit Profile page, scroll down to the Licensing & In-app Billing panel (see figure 5). 在編輯個人資料的頁面中,頁面下滑至授權和應用程式內結帳(見圖5)。
    2. In Test Accounts, add the email addresses for the test accounts you want to register, separating each account with a comma. 在測試帳戶中,新增您想註冊的測試帳戶的e-mail,多個帳戶請用逗號隔開。
    3. Click Save to save your profile changes. 點擊
儲存
  1. 來儲存變更。

Figure 5. The Licensing and In-app Billing panel of your account's Edit Profile page lets you register test accounts. 
圖5.  這是您帳戶中編輯個人資料裡的授權和應用程式內結帳區塊,您可以在這裡註冊測試帳戶。

WHERE TO GET SUPPORT在哪裡尋求支援

If you have questions or encounter problems while implementing in-app billing, contact the support resources listed in the following table (see table 2). By directing your queries to the correct forum, you can get the support you need more quickly.
如果您在實作iap機制時有問題或者遇到問題 ,可以聯絡表格中列出的支援的資源列表(見表2)。依您的需求尋求適合的論壇,您可以更快速地獲得您所需要的支援。

Table 2. Developer support resources for Android Market in-app billing.
表2. Android市集iap機制開發者支援的資源。
Support Type支援的型態Resource資源Range of Topics主題的範圍
Development and testing issues開發與測試問題Google Groups: android-developersIn-app billing integration questions, user experience ideas, handling of responses, obfuscating code, IPC, test environment setup.
iap機制的整合問題、使用者經驗發想、 處理回應、模糊程式碼、內部進程溝通、測試環境的設定。
Stack Overflow:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/tagged/ android
Market billing issue tracker市集金流問題追蹤Market billing project issue trackerBug and issue reports related specifically to in-app billing sample code.
關於iap機制範例程式的BUG與問題回報
For general information about how to post to the groups listed above, see Developer Forumsdocument in the Resources tab.
若想知道如何發文至上面的群組論壇的基本資訊,請見Android API裡Resources頁裡的 Developer Forums 文章。

相關文章︰
1.[Android in-app billing前言] In-app Billing應用程式內部付費機制(中文翻譯)
2.[Android in-app billing第1篇] In-app Billing Overview應用程式內部付費機制概述(中文翻譯)
3.[Android in-app billing第2篇] Implementing In-app Billing實作應用程式內部金流機制(中文翻譯)
4.[Android in-app billing第3篇] Security and Design安全與設計(中文翻譯)
5.[Android in-app billing第4篇] Testing In-app Billing測試應用程式內金流機制(中文翻譯)
6.[Android in-app billing第5篇] Administering In-app Billing應用程式內金流機制的管理(中文翻譯)
7.[Android in-app billing第6篇(末)] In-app Billing Reference應用程式金流的相關API(中文翻譯)

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/androidabc/archive/2012/03/23/2413937.html

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